Schizophrenia is a psychotic disorder in which sufferers see, hear, or think things are real when they are not.
Schizophrenia may cause:
• Delusions (false beliefs).
• Hallucinations (false perceptions).
• Disorganized speech or behavior.
• Restricted emotions.
• Inability to start or continue productive activity.
There is no test for schizophrenia. A diagnosis is based on patterns of behavior and ruling out other possible causes of symptoms.
Combining medication and psychological counseling is most helpful to treat schizophrenia.
The major medications used to treat schizophrenia are antipsychotics. They help control delusions and hallucinations as well as disorganized speech or behavior.